As production layout of iron and steel enterprises is not continuous,different manufacturers have adopted different heat preservation for hot delivery and hot charging of electric billets.According to the literature,hot delivery and hot charging of electric billets is an important measure for iron and steel industry for saving energy, lowering energy consumption,and improving the quality of products.Currently,there are three main methods of hot delivery and hot charging of electric billets in terms of manufacture technics:(1) through the roller cover stamping the form of insulation billets transmission,this type of insulation is best,running costs are lower,but adapted to not too far distance transmission due to the higher price;(2) using clamshell-style incubator hot billet of motor transport.Restrictions on the way from the venue, moderate investment costs.However,the effect of investment in insulation is not very well,and operating costs is high,it is not suitable for large-scale production practices; (3) train carrier insulation billets.This method is free of site constraints,and cost is low, and it is suitable for large-scale production.So it is the major method adopted by manufacturers.According to the plan of a certain company,electric furnace steel plant is required to achieve an annual molten steel output of 208 die after construction of additional electric furnace and continuous casting bloom.Considered of the existing electric furnace and the continuous casting billet production capacity,added annual electric furnace molten steel output of 1,042,000 tons of steel,and billet continuous casting machine annual output of 1 million tons capacity,electric bloom need to be sent to steel mill system by insulation train,and use insulation board to transport heat shield bloom.Therefore,the project intends to adopt the method of train transportation of bloom furnace insulation.The main content of this paper is as following:reconstruct the existing rail trolley transformation;design heat enclosures in accordance with the actual situation;produce security and stability lifting structure;design heat insulation cover structure in accordance with the temperature requirements of the transport distance; product insulation covers;cold test of iron crank,thermal test of vehicles;and improve the design according to tests results to ensure the security and stability operation and to reach the purpose of saving energy and reducing consumption.The most important thing is to design a reasonable and safe insulation cover to achieve long service life as possible adapted to frequently open and close operation.
Post about "rail transport"
In the production process of the refinery, combination and scheduling of the oil tank carriages is time and resources-consuming. At the same time, it demands high level of safety in performance. The optimization of combination can cut down the cost and meet the demand of the safety. The result of the combination of the oil tank carriages has direct influence on the performance of the refinery and its benefits. At present, the work of combination is more relied on the dispatcher’s experience, which usually causes low efficiency, danger and other problems So, the combination and scheduling of oil tank carriages, regarded as the key point on the road to the logistic optimization and the management of supply chain, is a very important project for refinery industry.In this paper, by stating the features of the problem of combination of oil tank carriages and researches in China and abroad, a basic model to solve this type of problem is proposed, The coupled problem of the oil tank carriages in scheduling is decoupled by a method by which the latest times of the carriage being moved will be calculated after one carriage’s move. According to the specificity of this problem, an improvement is made on the code level of the genetic algorithm, which solves the problem reasonably in relatively short time. The cross and variance operation guarantees this algorithm feasible in practically. In simulation, the influence on the final result caused by the change of the main parameters in genetic algorithm is discussed. The shortage of this algorithm when processing large-scale problem is also analyzed and the new improvement is raised. After the comparison between different sets results, the improved algorithm is verified to be better on performance.Based on the fundamental model, several complex problems of combination of oil tank carriages are explored. These problems are converted into fundamental model and then solved. In those researches, a new element is added which is used to record the tracks of locomotives. By doing this, the algorithm can also work even though the times of the carriages being moved are same. When there is only one direction for the trains’in-and-out, all of them are mixed together as one train and then the problem can be solved as the basic model. In the case of two directions for the trains, the random method is used to obtain the location of the carriage in the first step. Then, this problem is converted into the one-direction problem mentioned before.In the end, the work in this paper is summarized and the further step of this research is clarified.